China to further explore space science in next 5 years: white paper


China will carry out more space scientific exploration in the next five years, according to a white paper on the country’s space activities released on Friday.

The white paper, titled “China’s Space Program: A 2021 Outlook,” was released by the State Council Information Office.

He said China will continue research and development of programs such as space gravitational wave detection satellite, Einstein probe satellite and advanced space solar observatory, among others, focusing on subjects in the extreme universe. , the ripples in time and space, the panoramic view of the sun and the earth, and the search for habitable planets.

It also said China will continue to explore frontier areas and research space astronomy, heliospheric physics, lunar and planetary science, space and earth science, and space physics, to generate scientific discoveries. more original.

China will also use space experimentation platforms such as the Tiangong space station, the Chang’e series of lunar probes and the Tianwen-1 Mars probe to conduct experiments and research on biology, life, medicine. and materials, in order to broaden the understanding of humanity. of basic science, according to the white paper.

Focusing on scientific issues such as the origin and evolution of the universe, and the relationship between the solar system and mankind, China has launched several programs to explore space and conduct experiments, research advances on fundamental theories and major research results incubated.

The DAMPE (Dark Matter Particle Explorer) satellite has obtained precise measurements of the energy spectra of cosmic ray electrons, protons and helium GCR. The Huiyan (Insight) Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope was successfully launched.

Led by its lunar exploration program, China has made significant progress in comprehensively studying the geology and structure of the Moon’s subsoil.

In the field of planetary exploration, China has deepened its understanding of the geological evolution of Mars by carrying out analyzes of its surface and ground structure as well as the composition of its rocks, the white paper said.

With the help of the Shenzhou series of spacecraft, the Tiangong-2 space laboratory and the Shijian-10 satellite, China has achieved the embryonic development of mammals in space and the in-orbit verification of the first space clock cold atom reactor in the world, broadened the understanding of the mechanisms behind particle segregation in microgravity, pulverized coal combustion and materials preparation, and achieved world-renowned space science research results.

China has also made progress in space physics with the help of Mozi, the world’s first quantum communications satellite, according to the white paper.

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